Everyone’s invited to pile onto the human tower, and towns compete with each other as to who can form the highest one. In the past it has also enjoyed varying degrees of autonomy from its more powerful neighbours. Your email address will not be published. 16, of 19.01.2011). The pro-autonomy Convergence and Union party was founded the following year, and it served as the dominant political force in Catalonia over subsequent decades. Add to My Favorites Report this Debate … The Refurmdum was passed in 2017, there is no need for another one. These include German reunification, the amicable divorce between the Czechs and Slovaks, and the fragmentation of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Catalonia has tried to sever itself from Spain many times over the centuries, and resisted attempts by Madrid to crush its culture, customs, and language. The Principality of Catalonia was an entity of the Crown of Aragon, created by the dynastic union of the County of Barcelona and the Kingdom of Aragon in 1137. These are some of our most ambitious editorial projects. Catalan is distinctly different from Spanish—that much quickly becomes clear on anyone’s first visit to Barcelona. The right to self-determination is established in Article 1 of the Charter of the United Nations, as well as at the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Should gun control be strengthened in the United States? Catalonia is a region in the Northeast corner of Spain that has a degree of autonomy within the Spanish Constitution but is also part of Spain. The relevance of NATO in 2020 is being questioned. In May 2019, Carles Puigdemont, still sued in Spain and a refugee in Belgium, was elected representative in the European Parliament. Economic development has favored the cultural renewal of Catalonia and a return of linguistic and nationalist demands. However, he was denied access to the European Parliament and the allocation of his MEP badge. Catalonia formally declared its independence from Spain on Friday (Oct. 27) and the central government in Madrid hit back within hours, stripping the region of all its autonomy. Spain could opt to give Catalonia more autonomy in return for the region remaining part of Spain. Spain is becoming a rogue State for the sake of denying its national minorities the exercise of their right to self-determination. On November 9, 2014, a first referendum on the independence of Catalonia was organized by the nationalist parties in the region. Salvador Dalí, one of the fathers of surrealist art, was born in Figueres, Catalonia in 1904. Catalonia is one of Spain's most prosperous regions and already has a high degree of autonomy. Nor is there a clear majority in favour in Catalonia itself. During the 2017 Catalan independence referendum, the world witnessed the brutal action of the Spanish police against peaceful voters in polling stations. The reference to a Catalan nation became unconstitutional. To begin with, it is not clear that Catalans constitute a ‘nation’ or a ‘people’ with a right to statehood. Its levels of autonomy - like those of other Spanish regions - have varied over time.During the 20th century dictatorship of General Franco, the culture, language and identity of Cat… Aside from the hollow formal trappings of statehood, such as a flag, an anthem, parades and national holidays – and sparing, particularly the more prosperous sectors of Catalan society, from paying taxes to the Spanish exchequer – it is not even clear what the benefits of independence would be. Secession is only permitted as a last resort where a national minority suffers from the legacy of colonialism or the systematic and egregious violation of basic human rights. Sources: EURACTIV, Ouest-France, Euronews, Constitution of 1978, Chair, Catalan National Assembly and Economics Professor at the University of Barcelona. Carles Puigdemont, who promised to organize a referendum on the independence of the region, was elected president of the Generalitat of Catalonia in January 2016. Catalonia’s push for independence is far from new. Today, it is strongly tied to a sense of national identity and pride. Independence would not make it more free. Perhaps best known for his melting clocks painting, “The Persistence of Memory,” it was a fellow Catalan artist and sculptor Joan Miró who introduced Dalí to the concept of Surrealism. It is difficult, however, to make a convincing case for an independence referendum, let alone a ‘Yes’ vote should one be held. This day has become the national holiday of Catalonia since 1886. The independence movement was strengthened when the Spanish Constitutional Court annulled 14 articles of the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia in 2006. Article 93 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution establishes that Spain must act in a way that complies with the content of international treaties signed by Spain, including the above. This statute gives it substantial autonomy, allowing it, among other things, to form its own parliament and to elect a president (head of government) and an executive council. Once again, the October 2017 referendum was suspended by the Constitutional Court and violently suppressed by the Spanish law enforcement agencies, reinforcing independence demands. Nowadays, the independence mouvement grew strong in 2010, when the 2006 Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia was challenged before the Constitutional Court. Adrià’s elBulli restaurant in the little town of Roses, Catalonia, was a pilgrimage site for foodies, and regularly voted best restaurant in the world, before Adrià shut it down in 2011—but only so he could get back into his science lab and eventually open some new restaurants. The region already enjoys a wide degree of autonomy … It’s also compulsorily taught in schools. But there has never been an independent Catalan state. Calls for complete independence grew steadily until July 2010, when the Constitutional Court in Madrid overruled part of the 2006 autonomy statute, stating that there is no legal basis for recognising Catalonia as a nation within Spain. Catalonia certainly has a distinctive history, language and culture. Catalonia has different cultural priorities than Spain. Gun control in the United States is a recurring topic – The Rift asked Eric Lundy and Philip Van Cleave their opinions on the matter. 1. News Spain: Sanchez, Casado clash on Catalonia during TV debate. Catalonia officials say … This will be discussed in more detail in the background section. But what makes Catalonia so different from Spain anyway? Catalonia has already taken the steps to ban bullfighting because the population sees the practice as being barbaric and cruel. Meanwhile, in Following these events, 10,000 Catalans expressed their dissatisfaction in front of the European Parliament, during the constitutive plenary session on July 2. But, otherwise, the prerequisites for secession are not even close to being satisfied anywhere on the continent, particularly in the EU. We’ve taken a look at a few of the aspects of the region that make it unique, from its language, to its pioneering achievements in art, architecture, gastronomy—and human towers. Elections and opinion polls there consistently show the population divided roughly down the middle. It’s in part due to the Barcelona native that we have foams, vapors, sands, and bursting pearls on our plates today. 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