3.The coming of the owner for fruit, the desire of God that they should produce good works. 83 of lib. Knowing that the vineyard's owner had every reason to be disappointed with the barren tree, the keeper intercedes for the tree's life, asking for another year. Does not our Lord refer to such a custom? Was it Christ's prayer on the cross that delayed the judgement which should have taken place six months after this resurrection? CHAPTER 5. See Bishop Pearce. These three years - These words are not to be referred to the time which Christ had been preaching the gospel, as if he meant to specify the exact period. We may also remark that God treats sinners in this manner now; that he spares them long; that he gives them opportunities of repentance; that many live but to cumber the ground; that they are not only useless to the church, but pernicious to the world; that in due time, when they are fairly tried, they shall be cut down; and that the universe will bow to the awful decree of God, and say that their damnation is just. 4.The barrenness of the tree, the wickedness of the people. But the time is uncertain (see above). takes this form: first, has all the digging and culture and money spent and time been honestly used? See Romans 3:3. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard - to him whom he employed to take charge of his vineyard, which in this case we know to be Christ. I have occasionally had a friend come by with a new car, hoping I would find out “how fast it would go.” For me, that is a real temptation. Seeking fruit—The master seeks, and seeks from season to season. Men ask, "Are you fit to die?" The fig tree is easily identified as Israel who was planted in their land by God - the vineyard owner. - The word “cumber” here means to render “barren” or “sterile.” By taking up the juices of the earth, this useless tree rendered the ground sterile, and prevented the growth of the neighboring vines. & Bartenora in Misn. Twenty-five times in the Epistles in the sense of vitiate. De Wette, makes the land unfruitful. 1 * When he saw the crowds, * he went up the mountain, and after he had sat down, his disciples came to him. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come Barrenness curses others also. Besides being barren in itself, it also injures the soil. Luke 13:8.—J. 8 And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: 9 And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt cut it down. These trees bear fruit once in three years; they bear fruit indeed every year, but their fruit does not come to maturity till after three yearsF9T. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Luke 13:9 And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt cut it down. As God, he is called my Fellow. A barren fig tree renders the land useless by occupying valuable space. And, secondly, is there a ripeness of life coming of such a nature as to be food for the living, and a seed of life for fresh planting? Likewise, a failure to repent and live for God will show a lack of fruit, equally evident. One word in Greek. Luke 13:6-9 [6] Then he told this parable: "A man had a fig tree, planted in his vineyard, and he went to look for fruit on it, but did not find any. By Pastor Vince Gerhardy Another year has almost gone and we are on the brink of another! I. Not only is it of no use, but it even draws off the juices, which the vines would otherwise extract (suck) out of the earth, and intercepts the sun’s rays; and it takes up valuable room. - "Lord, lay not this sin to their charge". To those who believed in Him the picture of the fruitless fig tree is obvious but to the unbelieving heart it appears obscure and puzzling. Why does it even use up the ground? He knew Israel would treat John the Baptist's call to repentance with disdain and reject Christ's Messianic claims. katargeo. Then let some person come forward and deprecate the cutting down of the tree, making himself responsible for its future fertility. 1. This parable in the first place refers to the nation and people of the Jews. 5.The dresser was perhaps intended to denote the Saviour and the other messengers of God, pleading that God would spare the Jews, and save them from their enemies that stood ready to destroy them, as soon as God should permit. Luke 13:6-9 Another Year of Grace. He spoke also this parable That is, Jesus spake, as the Persic version expresses it, that which follows; and at the same time, and upon the above occasion; setting forth the patience of God towards the Jewish nation, their unfruitfulness, and the danger of … 7 Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground? (They also became the first generation of believers in the Church era.). Why cumbereth it the ground? Why does it also act as a burden on the ground?”. dresser of vineyard. We do not know. 4 Or those eighteen, upon whom the tower in Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all men that dwelt in Jerusalem? & Sheviith, c. 5. sect. This is applied by some to represent the period of the Lord’s ministry. If he continues ignorant of God's visitation, despises the riches of the divine mercy, and goes on obstinately in sin, these advantages are frequently taken away from him, his day of grace ends; the utmost term of God's patience is past for ever; the divine spirit being grieved, is provoked to depart, and the man is delivered over to a hardened heart. The "certain man" who owned the vineyard is God, and the vineyard is Israel (Isaiah 5:1-7).The fig tree represents the individual Israelite, especially the Jew in this case. During the whole three years again and again. The objection to this, that the cutting down ought then to have taken place at the end of τοῦτο τὸ ἔτος, does not apply; for all is left indefinite in the request and the implied answer. • Luke … App-6. It bears repeating that Jesus does not explain the causes of violence that nature and human beings regularly inflict upon unsuspecting people. For now, the disciples are too concerned with power (Luke 9:54), prestige (Mark 9:34), and the thrill of recent events (John 12:12–13). Repent or Perish. Greek. It may take as many thousand years.— , I keep coming, the progressive present. He compressed events of both the First (13:7), and Second (13:8-9), Advents into this brief section. Luke writes: Luke 14:1 On one occasion when Jesus was going to the house of a leader of the Pharisees to eat a meal on the sabbath, they were watching him closely. We must seek for the answer where we find the question. Satan sought t… Only after they see the extent to which Jesus humbles Himself (Philippians 2:8) will they grasp the significance of this foot washing. These three years. 6 He spake also this parable; A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none. The verb cumbereth ( καταργεῖ ) means to make of no effect. Christ was to die, the Church was to be born and many were to come to faith in Jesus as the Messiah, before that year was completed - and judgement should have fallen on the nation. as of one who has a right to complain.— , three years, reckoned not from the planting of the tree (it is three years after planting that it begins to bear fruit), but from the time that it might have been expected in ordinary course to yield a crop of figs. Our fruitfulness, our barrenness, our production of the wild poison fruit, all take place beneath his watchful but patient eye. Luk 13:9 And if it bears fruit, well; and if not, then after that you shall cut it down. In the individual application, many thousands did bear fruit this very year; and of those who did not, who shall say when the Spirit ceased pleading with them, and the final sentence went forth? There may be no fruit; there may be leaves; there may be the leafless branch; in either case he departs in sorrowful disappointment. 7 Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground? Though this parable was originally meant of the Jews, it may be applied to men in every age; for it … cumbereth it the ground = injureth it the soil also. i., p. 48. Luke 13:7 : Luke 13:9 >> Luke 13:8. John was the last Old Testament prophet who came in the spirit of Elijah to call the nation to REPENT, for the kingdom of heaven was near and their King was in their midst, but they refused – and so the time arrived when His teaching style changed and Jesus started to talk in parables, because Israel's ears were deaf, their eyes blinded and their hearts would not believe. What kind of a year has 2006 been for you? 7. It appears that the owner had given it three years in order to see if its fruitless condition was permanent. —Renders the ground barren, absorbing the virtue of the soil only. “It is three years from the time at which I came.”. Luke 13:11 And, behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself. ), which, as Trench observes, is the key-word of the sentence. 7.The remark of the dresser that he might “then” cut it down, denotes the acquiescence of all in the belief that such a judgment would be just. i. p. 539) says of the barren fig-tree: “There are many such trees now; and if the ground is not properly cultivated, especially when the trees are young - as the one of the parable was, for only “three” years are mentioned they do not bear at all; and even when full grown they quickly fail, and wither away if neglected. He is the Shepherd who was to lay down his life for the sheep. The outer world comes to it in forces of all kinds, and it receives them all, draws them into its being, subdues them to itself, lives by and through them, but makes no stir itself; neither moves nor utters sound, nor is violent, nor fills the world with the rush of impetuous strength. 10 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath. 10 And they that were sent, returning to the house, found the servant whole that had been sick. Cut it down! 7. τρία ἔτη] I have little doubt (against Bleek, alli(91).) 5 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. en. If this reading be genuine, it is doubtless an allusion to Matthew 3:10; (note): Now the axe lieth at the root of the trees. God the Father gave order to the sword of his justice to awake against his Son, when he freely made his soul an offering for sin. In his view it was long enough to show that the tree was barren and would yield no fruit, and that therefore it should be cut down. Behold, these three years - a long enough trial for a fig tree, and so denoting probably just a sufficient period of culture for spiritual fruit. Besides bearing no fruit it occupies space which might be more profitably filled.— (here and in Paul’s epistles), renders useless; Vulgate, occupat, practically if not verbally the right rendering. But this we do know.. that God in His mercy has continued to pour out 2000 years of grace upon grace since that day - on a world that deserves His righteous punishment. cut it down = cut it out: i.e. Luke 13:10 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath. . The vinedresser (τον αμπελουργον — ton ampelourgon). Behold, these three years I come — See how long I have waited, even three years past, in vain, and still this fig-tree is entirely barren: cut it down; why should it any longer take up the place of better plants, and draw away the fructifying juices of my ground, which might be profitable to other trees? I come—This is a verb of continuity. He knew Jesus would be despised by the Jews and crucified on a Roman cross. And walking in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, it multiplied. It was spoken to illustrate the dealings of God with them, and their own wickedness under all his kindness, and we may understand the different parts of the parable as designed to represent: 1.God, by the man who owned the vineyard. 1. ; and this may be the reason why this number is fixed upon; for if such fig trees do not bring forth ripe fruit in three years time, there is little reason to expect any from them: and thus it was time after time with the Jewish nation; and so it is with carnal professors: hence it follows. Behold. Luke 13:7. καὶ τ. γ. 13:6-7). Three years — Christ was then in the third year of his ministry. A Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod(WELS) congregation and school in Alma, MI. Luke 13:7. ἀμπελουργόν, the vine-dresser (ἄμπελος, ἔργον) here only in N.T.— ἰδοὺ, lo! ‘Three years are the time of a full trial, at the end of which the inference of incurable sterility may be drawn.’ (Godet) Some refer this to the three years of our Lord’s ministry, now so nearly ended. Ver. Niclas, entitled, Δενδρον ακαρπον καρποφορειν, How to make a barren tree fruitful. In the spiritual sphere in national life that cannot be determined to soon. and men hold up death before the sinner's eyes, and men dwell in solemn warning on the world to come, and on far-off images of death. 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